Investment Opportunities

Mines and Minerals

Bhutan has mapped and prospected only about 33% of the country in 1:50,000 scale. Past exploration has confirmed reserves of industrial minerals like limestone, dolomite, gypsum, quartzite, graphite, talc etc and metallic minerals like tungsten, lead-zinc and copper. There is potential for further discovery of minerals in the unexplored parts of the country.

Snap-shot of Minerals in Bhutan

Sl. No. Mineral Location Reserve (in million tones) and Grade
1 Copper ore Gongkhola in Black Mountain area, Zhemgang Dzongkhag 2.5 inferred, with 1.5% Cu
2 Lead zinc ore Genekha area, Thimphu Dzongkhag 3.116 in Chakula – proved

0.514 in Romegong Ri – probable

3 Tungsten ore Dholpani and Bhurkhola, Gelephu Dzongkhag 0.45 estimated down to 30 m depth in Dholpani
4 Coal Deothang and Bhangtar, Samdrup Jongkhar Dzongkhag Reserve very tentative
5 Dolomite All along the foothill of Southern Bhutan


Huge reserve. Proved reserve will be rendered by DGM as and when required
6 Graphite Khepchishi (above 3992m altitude) Paro Dzongkhag 23.53 – proved by drilling
7 Gypsum Khothakpa and Uri Chu, PemaGatshel Dzongkhag 56.45 proved in Khothakpa

13.60 estimated in Uri Chu and Khar

Remaining reserve much less, mining ongoing

8 Limestone Pagli – Titi, Samtse Dzongkhag

Gholtey, Gelephu Dzongkhag

Kanamakra, Gelephu Dzongkhag

Korungri and Kerungri, Samdrup Jongkhar Dzongkhag

Reserve almost exhausted by PCAL

Reserve being assessed

Huge reserve of high grade limestone

Huge reserve of cement grade limestone

9 Marble Khanku, Paro Dzongkhag


In northern region of Bhutan such as Haa Wangtsa, Chelala in Paro, Jemina in Thimphu, Sha Bhel in Wangdiphodrang, Hasilo and Pangpeysa in Paro and Bunakha in Chukha Dzongkhag

12.44 – proved

29.59 – probable


Reserve not proven

10 Slate Bhel (Bonsegeoma) and Kobja in Wagdhiphodrang Dzongkhag 16 million cubic meters. A large portion is already extracted for roofing purposes in Bhutan
11 Talc All in the foothill belts in South West Bhutan Reserve not assessed properly as the deposit is very erratic and patchy in nature
12 Ferro Silicon

Grade Quartzite

Quartzite in Shumar Formation Reserve not assessed systematically


– The mineral reserves mentioned in the table above are only probable or inferred

– The minerals currently operated are talc, quartzite, dolomite, limestone, marble, coal, gypsum and granite.



Power Intensive Industries

Bhutan has, so far, tapped only about 7% of its potential 30,000 MW hydropower. By 2020 the installed capacity will reach 10,000 MW with a firm power of about 2000 MW. About 85% of the generation will be diverted to high voltage industries. Investment in power intensive industries remains attractive from this perspective.


Hospitality Sector

Bhutan’s tourism policy is guided by the principle of ‘high value low impact’. Government is promoting sustainable tourism throughout the country all year round by minimizing negative impacts and taking advantage of the country’s unique cultural and spiritual heritage as well as natural environment through high value tourism. The focus areas are nature based activities including wellness tourism, spiritual and MICE.



Bhutan is transforming into a knowledge-based society and developing a high-end service industry through ICT. Thimphu TechPark was also launched in November 2011. The TechPark offers a superior business environment for diverse technology sectors, including IT/ITeS, BPOs, KPOs and Research with Grade A infrastructure and amenities to occupants, such as mains and back-up power, with power available at under 30% of cost in other parts of the region. TTP also offers high-capacity dual feed Internet connectivity.


Education City

The Royal Government has the vision of establishing an Education City in Bhutan that provides world-class education targeting mostly regional expatriate students. The city is expected to be a 100% green campus with world-class facilities using sustainable technologies. About 1000 acres of land in addition to other incentives is to be provided by the Royal Government.


Renewable Energy

Clean energy has always been an integral component of the government’s development policy. Presently, Bhutan has made good progress from harnessing energy from run-of-the-river hydro power and sees potential also from alternative energy like solar, bio-mass and wind.